Alexander Pushkin

Russian, 1799–1837

Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Pushkin was born into Russian nobility in Moscow. Notoriously touchy about his honor, he fought as many as twenty-nine duels and was fatally wounded in such an encounter with Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d’Anthès. While under the strict surveillance of the Tsar’s political police and unable to publish, Pushkin wrote his most famous play, the drama Boris Godunov. His novel in verse, Eugene Onegin, was serialized between 1825 and 1832.